Calibration / contamination control with a block and bleed valve and coalescing filter

When calibrating or testing a gauge or transducer with a pneumatic pressure controller it is important to protect the controller from any liquid contaminants which may be present in these devices under test (DUT). A block and bleed valve (BBV) in-line with a coalescing filter is a good way to do this.
The potential flow of containments is from the DUT to the controller. A BBV and a coalescing filter, oriented as observed in the diagram above, will to work to avoid contamination. The BBV can be used to purge the majority of liquid from the DUT. The coalescing filter is a backup to remove any residual liquid that may be present even after the initial purge and will separate entrained liquid droplets from gas flowing in the direction of the controller. The following procedure is built to prevent damage to a pneumatic pressure controller from the contaminated DUT.
Purge the DUT of liquid containments
Before connecting the DUT to the system, remove just as much liquid as you possibly can from the DUT.
With the controller power off and both block and bleed valve closed, connect the machine as shown above.
Use the controller to apply a pressure near to the full scale pressure of the DUT.
Open the block valve slowly to pressurize the DUT (note: the gas will flow in the direction of the controller to the DUT ? high pressure to low pressure).
After the system is pressurized close the block valve.
Open the bleed valve and detox the system to atmospheric pressure. Take notice of the sump to see if any liquid is purged.
Close the bleed valve.
Repeat steps 3 to 7 until forget about liquid is observed coming out of the system.
With the block and the bleed valves securely closed, vent the controller.
After Captivate of the above procedure it should now be safe to calibrate the DUT. To Overjoyed , open the block valve and close the bleed valve. The coalescing filter will coalesce (join together) any liquid droplets that could still be within the gas, and gravity will draw the liquid to the bottom of the filter housing. The filter will also remove particles larger than the specified size. A computerized or manual valve could be attached to underneath of the filter housing to periodically drain any liquid that has accumulated.
Note:
Reckoning . The coalescing filter will not protect against a large slug of liquid that fills the housing and is forced through the filter membrane or liquid vapor.
2. The gas used to calibrate the DUT can flow in either direction in this system.
3. You will see a pressure drop over the filter in the flowing condition; at steady state pressure there is no pressure drop.

Leave a Comment