Pt100, Pt1000 or NTC ? which is the proper sensor?

Especially the machine-building industry often asks me that is the right measuring element for them. This is the reason why I wish to explain on this page the differences between the mostly used sensors Pt100, Pt1000 and NTC. I am going to go into greater detail about the lesser-used measuring elements Ni1000 and KTY sensors in the comparison at the end of this article.
Application regions of Pt100, Pt1000 and NTC
Resistance thermometers based on Pt100, Pt1000 (positive temperature coefficient PTC) and NTC (negative temperature coefficient) are used everywhere in the industrial temperature measurement where low to medium temperatures are measured. Along the way industry, Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors are used almost exclusively. In machine building, however, often an NTC can be used ? not least for cost reasons. Since meanwhile the Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors are manufactured in thin-film technology, the platinum content could possibly be reduced to the very least. As a result, the purchase price difference compared to the NTC could possibly be reduced to such an extent a changeover from NTC to Pt100 or Pt1000 becomes interesting for medium quantities. Particularly since platinum measuring resistors offer significant advantages over negative temperature coefficients.
Benefits and drawbacks of the various sensors
The platinum elements Pt100 and Pt1000 provide advantage of meeting international standards (IEC 751 / DIN EN 60 751). Because of material- and production-specific criteria, a standardisation of semiconductor elements such as NTC is not possible. That is why their interchange ability is limited. Further benefits of platinum elements are: better long-term stability and better behaviour over temperature cycles, a wider temperature range in addition to a high measurement accuracy and linearity. High measurement accuracy and linearity may also be possible with an NTC, but only in an exceedingly limited temperature range. While Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors in thin-film technology are ideal for temperatures around 500�C, the standard NTC can be utilized for temperatures up to approx. 150�C.
Influence of the supply line on the measured value
The lead resistance affects the measurement value of 2-wire temperature sensors and must be considered. For copper cable with a cross-section of 0.22 mm2, the next guide value applies: 0.162 ?/m ? 0.42 �C/m for Pt100. Alternatively, a version with Pt1000 sensor can be chosen, with which the influence of the supply line (at 0.04 �C/m) is smaller by a factor of 10. The influence of the lead resistance when compared to base resistance R25 for an NTC measuring element is far less noticeable. Due to the sloping characteristic curve of the NTC, the influence at higher temperatures increases disproportionately in case of higher temperatures.
Always
In case of high quantities, the use of NTC sensors is still justified due to cost reasons. For small to medim-sized lots, I recommend the usage of a platinum measuring resistor. The usage of a Pt1000 stated in thin-film technology is a perfect compromise between the costs on the main one hand and the measurement accuracy on the other. In the following table, I have compiled the strengths and weaknesses of the different measuring elements within an overview for you personally:
Strengths and weaknesses of different sensors
NTC
Pt100
PT1000
Ni1000
KTY
Temperature range
?
++
++
+
?
Accuracy
?
++
++
+
?
Linearity
?
++
++
+
++
Long-term stability
+
++
++
++
+
International standards
?
++
++
+
?
Temperature sensitivity (dR/dT)
++
?
+
+
+
Influence of the supply line
++
?
+
+
+
Characteristic curves of Pt100, Pt1000, NTC, KTY and Ni1000
The characteristic curves of the different measuring elements can be seen in the next overview:
Characteristic curves of the different sensors
Note
Our temperature sensors for the machine-building industry are available with all common measuring elements. Further information can be found on the WIKA website.
Find out more about the functionality of resistance thermometers with Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors in the next video:

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