So how exactly does a calorimetric flow switch work?

If the presence of flow in a piping system must be monitored, a calorimetric flow switch ? often known as a flow monitor ? is frequently used. But so how exactly does a calorimetric flow switch really work? The following blog post explains this in more detail.
Steamy , which are often generally known as thermal flow monitors, use the physical laws of heat transport in flows. A distinction is actually made between two technical solutions: continuous and regulated heating.
Schematic illustration of a measuring probe for a calorimetric flow switch
Continuous heating
A flow switch that is based on the calorimetric measuring principle consists of a measuring probe with two temperature sensors integrated into it (see illustration). Slave of the sensors is heated continuously using an integrated heating element (wire-wound) with a constant heating power and measures the temperature at the heating element. The next sensor determines the temperature of the medium in the pipe. Consequently, a temperature difference occurs between the two sensors, which is registered by the electronics. The higher the flow velocity of the medium in the offing, the smaller this temperature difference is. The basis for this is the cooling effect of flowing media. The molecules in the medium, which are flowing at night probe tip, collect ?packages of heat? and transport them away. The more molecules flow past, the higher the cooling effect. The amount of molecules passing by increases continuously with increasing flow velocity.
Regulated heating
The measuring probe is basically identical in design: You can find two temperature sensors in the medium, among that can be heated. In this technical solution, the heating power is regulated so the temperature difference between the two temperature sensors is kept constant throughout. Consequently, as the flow velocity increases, the heating power should be increased to keep how big is the temperature difference constant. The applied heating power is thus a direct measure of the flow velocity in the medium.
Note
Are you experiencing further questions on the measuring principle behind the calorimetric flow switch or do you need help with selecting such a product? In its portfolio, WIKA includes a calorimetric flow switch for monitoring the flow of liquid media (model FSD-3). Your contact person will undoubtedly be happy to help you.

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